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Contrast Limits with the Simultaneous Differential Extrasolar Planet Imager (SDI) at the VLT and MMT

【摘要】We discuss contrast limits obtained during a survey of young (<300 Myr), close (<50 pc) stars with the Simultaneous Differential Extrasolar Planet Imager (SDI) implemented at the VLT and the MMT. SDI uses a double Wollaston prism and a quad filter to take images simultaneously at 3 wavelengths surrounding the 1.62 μm methane bandhead found in the spectrum of cool brown dwarfs and gas giants. By performing a difference of images in these filters, speckle noise from the primary can be significantly attenuated, resulting in photon noise limited data. In our survey data, we achieved H band contrasts >25000 (5σ ΔFl(1.575μm)>10 mag, ΔH>10.6 mag for a T6 spectral type) at a separation of 0.5" from the primary star. With this degree of attenuation, we can image (5σ detection) a 2-4 Jupiter mass planet at 5 AU around a 30 Myr star at 10 pc. We are currently completing our survey of young, nearby stars. We have obtained complete datasets for 40 stars in the southern sky (VLT) and 11 stars in the northern sky (MMT). We believe that our SDI images are the highest contrast astronomical images ever made from ground or space for methane rich companions.

【會議名稱】 Advances in Adaptive Optics II pt.2

【會議地點】OrlandoFL(US)

【作者】Beth A. Biller;Laird M. Close;Elena Masciadri;Rainer Lenzen;Wolfgang Brner;Donald McCarthy;Thomas Henning;Eric L. Nielsen;Markus Hartung;Stephan Kellner;Kerstin Geissler;Markus Kasper;

【作者單位】Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;

【會議組織】

【會議召開年】2006

【頁碼】P.62722D.1- 62722D.10

【總頁數】10

【原文格式】PDF

【正文語種】eng

【中圖分類】P111.3;TH751;

【關鍵詞】high contrast imaging;adaptive optics;extrasolar planets;simultaneous differential imaging;

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